Arnica Information
Arnica montana, also known as Wolf's Bane is part of the Compositae plant family. Arnica is a perennial plant that is native to the mountains of Europe and Siberia. It is also cultivated in mountainous areas of Canada and North America.

General Information
Botanical Name: Arnica montana
Common Name: Arnica flowers, Arnica root, Common Arnica, Leopard's Bane, Mountain Arnica, Mountain Tobacco, Wolf's Bane
Plant Family: Compositae
History: Preparations made from the flowering heads have been used in homoeopathic medicine for hundreds of years.

Plant Constituents of Arnica
-Arnicin (a bitter yellow crystalline principle)
-Sesquiterpene lactones (known to reduce inflammation and decrease pain
-Tannin (not in the flower)
-Thymol (an essential oil)

-Diaphoretic [an agent that promotes perspiration]
-Diuretic [an agent that increases the secretion and expulsion of urine]
-Emollient [an agent used externally to soften and soothe]
-Expectorant [an agent that promotes the discharge of mucous from the respiratory system]
-Stimulant [an agent that excites or quickens the activity of physiological processes]
-Vulnerary [a healing application for wounds]

Usage of Arnica
Medicinal Part used: Fresh or dried flower heads, rootstock (rhizome)
Used extensively by both Europeans and Native North American Indians to:
-heal wounds
-reduce inflammation
-soothe muscle aches

-raises blood pressure, especially in the coronary arteries
-has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities that can reduce pain and -swelling, improving wound healing
-stimulates blood circulation

Arnica is primarily for external use:
-as a footbath for tender feet
-for abdominal pain (hot compress)
-for arthritis
-for bruises
-for chill blains (if skin is unbroken)
-for irritation from trauma
-for muscle or cartilage pain
-for rheumatism
-for sore or painful joints
-for sprains
-for swellings

and is used as an oil, salve, tincture. Arnica works by:
-dispersing trapped, disorganized fluids from bumped and bruised tissue, joints and muscles
-stimulating the activity of white blood cells that relieve congested blood cells
-washing and cleansing wounds (very diluted

Arnica in herbal form is primarily restricted to topical (external) use because it can cause serious side effects when it is used internally. As a general rule Arnica should not be used internally without professional advice but is sometimes used for:

Blood Conditions
-internal bleeding in emergencies

Brain and Nervous System Conditions
-paralytic afflictions

Arnica is used homeopathically, usually in pillule form, for:
-epilepsy [6x]
-seasickness [3x]

Cardiovascular Conditions
-cardiac agent
-coronary artery disease
-senile heart

Respiratory Tract Conditions
-inflammation of the mouth and throat as a gargle

Other Conditions
-low fevers
-Arnica Oil

Externally Arnica Oil is extremely beneficial for:
-hair loss if rubbed on scalp (make sure there is no broken skin)
-inflammation from insect bites
-muscle aches
-rheumatic pain
-strained or pulled muscles
-superficial phlebitis
-tendon strain
-swelling due to fractures
-wound healing (not on broken skin)

-The tincture can cause blistering and inflammation when applied so it is important to use very dilute solutions of the tincture
-Arnica should not be used on broken skin, including leg ulcers
-People who are hypersensitive or allergic to the herb should avoid it.

Prolonged use may irritate the skin, causing :
-other skin conditions

Homeopathic preparations are also used to treat:
-sore muscles
-conditions associated with overexertion or trauma
-trauma to soft tissues

Arnica is also sometimes used:
-a compress on the stomach to relieve abdominal pains
-as a poultice

Recommended dosage is as follows:
Internal - strictly as prescribed by practitioner or homoeopath
External preparations of Arnica should always be extremely diluted
-Poultices/Compresses - dilute tincture/extract 3-10 times with water
-Oil (infused with vegetable oil)
-Mouthwash - dilute tincture/extract 10 times with water. (Do not swallow)

The internal use of Arnica is not recommended and should only be administered by a professional herbalist, naturopath or health practitioner.

It can cause:
-heart irregularities
-increased heart rate
-mucous membrane irritation
-nervous disturbances
-stomach irritation
Do not use if pregnant or breastfeeding

Drug Interactions:
Do not use Arnica without first talking to your practitioner or healthcare provider if you taking any of the following medications:
-None known


search this site the web